“If I can’t see, I can’t read.
If I can’t read, I can’t learn.
If I can’t learn, what’s my future?”
What is Special About Children’s Vision?
Examinations for Toddlers
A comprehensive eye examination measures visual acuity, refractive status, eye health, eye tracking, eye focusing, and eye teaming. Visual acuity measures how clearly a child sees objects. Refractive status measures for nearsightedness (myopia), farsightedness (hyperopia), and astigmatism. The child is evaluated for any eye health problems, including evaluating active disorders or congenital anomalies. Eye tracking is the ability of the eyes to fixate, smoothly follow and look between objects or printed words. Eye focusing is the ability to efficiently change and sustain focus while reading. Eye teaming is the ability to coordinate both eyes accurately and without fatigue or excessive effort. Accurate eye teaming is also important for accurate two-eyed depth perception or stereopsis. Early detection and management is recommended to prevent vision loss or eye disease and to provide appropriate vision development.
About Dr. Mitchell
Dr. Mark Mitchell graduated from the University of California at Berkeley School of Optometry and is a former faculty member there, having run the eye disease clinic. He most recently worked in the California Central Valley helping a large community health clinic set up and run multiple eye clinics where he cared for and treated the most needy pediatric patients. He worked with one of the most renowned pediatric ophthalmologists in the world, Dr. Alan Scott from San Francisco.
Did you know?
Did you know that recent studies have shown that up to 30% of children who pass a vision screening test conducted by their pediatrician or school actually have a treatable vision problem?
Did you know that if a child’s vision is not corrected well before the age of 8, they can suffer permanent vision loss due to a condition called amblyopia? This vision loss is irreversible. No glasses, contact lenses or surgery will improve vision loss due to amblyopia.
Did you know that many young children who are labeled as “slow learners” or “disruptive” merely have undetected and uncorrected vision problems?
Did you know that the American Optometric Association recommends that your child have his or her eyes examined by an eye doctor at 1, 3 and 5 years of age?
Children’s Eyes and Sports
Children account for one third of all sports-related eye injuries. In children ages 11 to 14, a majority of the eye injuries suffered occur while playing sports.
More than 100,000 sports-related eye injuries occur annually in the U.S., and 42,000 of these injuries require an emergency room visit.
According to a 2001 report by Prevent Blindness of America, every year, there are over 38,000 sports-related eye injuries requiring costly emergency room care. This number is much larger when you consider the treatment of eye injuries in a private practitioners offices.
School-aged competitors are particularly prone to eye injuries since their athletic skills (hand-eye coordination, balance, reaction time, and speed) are still being developed. However, regardless of an individual’s age or skill level, every athlete’s eyes are targets for injury. Under most circumstances, at least 90% of sports-related eye injuries are preventable with the proper use of protective sports eyewear. That is why the American Academy of Pediatrics and American Optometric Association both strongly recommend protective eyewear for all participants in sports in which there is a risk of eye injury.